Tabernacle of Moses
Exodus 25:30 –And you shall set the showbread (the bread of the Presence) on the table before Me always.
Leviticus 24: 5-9 – And you shall take fine flour and bake twelve cakes with it; two-tenths of an ephah shall be in each cake [of the showbread or bread of the Presence]. And you shall set them in two rows, six in a row, upon the table of pure gold before the Lord. You shall put pure frankincense [in a bowl or spoon] beside each row, that it may be with the bread as a memorial portion, an offering to be made by fire to the Lord.Every Sabbath day Aaron shall set the showbread in order before the Lord continually; it is on behalf of the Israelites, an everlasting covenant. And the bread shall be for Aaron and his sons, and they shall eat it in a sacred place, for it (John Robert Lucas)
Ex 25:23-29 and 37:10-16: The wooden table is a representation of Christ. Covered in Gold, it reminds us of his everlasting majesty. He became man for us, but kept his deity so he could be our Eternal Life. Its measurement of one cubit wide represents unity, while its two cubits long represents fellowship, both of which stand for the union in Christ, while its height of 1 1/2 cubits suggest the Trinity.
All of this ties into the fact that tables remind of fellowship, which is dependent on unity and involves the Trinity. As Christians, we fellowship together at the table with Jesus Christ at the New Testament Communion table.
The table is topped by Golden crown, standing in for jealousy exclusively held for God, since he is the king of kings, the one true God. In addition, the crown stands for His power and ability to protect his children, which is (John Robert Lucas)
Ex. 27:1–2 – And make the altar of acacia wood, five cubits square and three cubits high [within reach of all]. Make horns for it on its four corners; they shall be of one piece with it, and you shall overlay it with bronze.
The altar simply represents the Cross. It was the only place sacrifices could be offered and God made sure to specify every detail of its design. God chose the location of the altar, what was to be sacrificed there, the material it was made out of, and the size of it. Like the rest of the Tabernacle, everything making the altar also had symbolism in the Kingdom of God.
The wood is humanity, reminding us that Christ became man to experience our pain, as well as to give his life in exchange for ours. The length and width, which makes a square, typifies that (John Robert Lucas)
“And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them” (Ex. 25:8). This, we believe, is the key verse in this whole subject concerning the Temple of God. How it would help us in all our Christian service and ministry, if we could recognize this one important principle: the sanctuary is for God’s abiding place in the midst of men. The whole message of the Gospel is off-center unless it is properly centered in God. We are inclined to relate the Gospel primarily to ourselves, from the standpoint of our need, our lost condition, and our approach toward God. But actually it begins in God, centers about Himself, and reaches forth toward man for the delight of His own heart. The greatest of all sins is our failure to recognize His supreme Lordship in our lives. Before God all men are equally estranged from Him, and (John Robert Lucas)
Ex 30:17-21 and 38:8: The Laver (also called the Brazen Laver, or Brass Laver) was made of brass and mirrors. The mirrors were from the women that served at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting. We know that God commanded that the Laver be anointed and consecrated, and that it was used for priestly washing. God does not really give a lot of details other than that. But, because we interpret scripture with scripture, and because we know that the tabernacle represents the Person of Jesus Christ, we can put together the pieces.
Brass means judgment in the Bible, so all the materials that have brass will deal with judgment. But we only see brass in the outer court, whereas the inner courts have gold. Gold represents deity, or God’s nature. The other components to the laver are the mirror and the water. So, I see 3 distinct elements that form the laver.
Jesus is the Word of God (John Robert Lucas)
Outer Court: 30 fold | Brazen Altar (forgiveness) | Laver (Water Baptism / Sanctification) | For ALL ISRAEL | New birth | Born of the Spirit | Born into heirship | have been saved – common salvation | Feast of Passover | Jesus the babe | Little Children | Gleanings of the harvest | good will of God | Thanksgiving | foolish virgins | divine healing | natural light | brass vessels | David’s first anointing | 1st sealing – water baptism
Holy Place: 60 fold | For the priest only | Holy Spirit Baptism | earnest of the Spirit | Earnest of the inheritance | are being saved | Feast of Pentecost | Adolescent | Young men | Bulk of the harvest | acceptable will | praise | wise virgins | divine health | artificial light (lamps) | silver vessels | 2nd anointing | 2nd sealing (Spirit baptism)
Most Holy Place:
100 fold | For the high priest only | maturity | fullness of the Spirit | fullness of the inheritance | shall be saved | eternal salvation | Feast of Tabernacles | Jesus the Man | fathers (John Robert Lucas)
The Ark of the Covenant and Mercy Seat in the Holy of Holies is prophetic of Jesus, Who God shall hide His laws, His True Manna, and His Rod of Fruit inside. There are different names referring to the various pieces of furniture in the Tabernacle of Moses. In fact, the Tabernacle as a whole, and the tent have different names as well. Some of the naming differences are due to translation differences. The following list gives different names.
NAMES:Ark of the Testimony Ark of the Covenant of the Lord Ark of the Lord God Ark of God Holy Ark Ark of Thy Strength Ark of the Covenant of God Ark of the Covenant Ark of the Lord Ark of Shittim Wood Made of Shittim wood and overlaid with gold Represents the throne of God Represents the Person of Jesus – Fullness of Godhead Bodily Represents the presence of God Represents the glory of God 2.5 x 1.5 x 1.5 cubits Gold within | Wood in middle | Gold outside Located in (John Robert Lucas)
Prophetic of Jesus the Light of God: NAMES: Lampstand, candlestick, pure candlestick, the candlestick of God, golden lampstand, gold lampstand, menorah. The following outlines characteristics of the Lampstand. The type and shadow that stands out the most is that the gold was beaten to form the Lampstand. Gold represents deity in the Bible. Jesus was deity who was beaten, which resulted in Him becoming the Anointed One that is the Light of men, fed by the oil of the Spirit.
1. No specific dimensions
2. 3 stages of the almond plant – unopened bud / knop | flower | fruit
3. Lamp of oil RESTS on the FRUIT.
4. Made of beaten gold
5. 7 branches ; one main shaft and 3 shoots on each side.
7 lamps of oil from 7 branches, each comprised of 3 fruit+3 flowers + 3 buds = 9 ornaments – HAVING THEIR SOURCE IN 3 ORIGINATING BUDS.
All added up they (John Robert Lucas)
Prophetic of Jesus the Way | Jesus the Lamb that was slain | Jesus the Word of God
The Church – 30 fold | milk | babes| temple foundation is built
Inner Court or Holy Place
Prophetic of Jesus the Truth | Jesus the Light of God | Jesus the Bread of Life
The Church – 60 fold | bread | young men | temple walls are built
Holy of Holies or Most Holy Place
Prophetic of Jesus the Life | Jesus the Law of God | Jesus the Glory of God
The Church – 100 fold | meat | fathers | temple completed
Tabernacle of the Congregation, also called the tabernacle of Moses, tabernacle of testimony, or the tabernacle in the wilderness.
(John Robert Lucas)
South Side Length: 100 cubits
West Side Length: 50 cubits
East Side Length: 50 cubits
300 total length
Total Curtain Surface Area: 1500
Length: 20 cubits
Width: 10 cubits
Total: 200 cubits
Total Area: 2000 cubits
10 cubits x 10 cubits x 10 cubits (A 1000 cubit cube)
(John Robert Lucas)
Curtains of fine linen – RIGHTEOUSNESS Inner layer | comprised actual roof or ceiling of sanctuary
When you are in Christ, the Father sees nothing but His Own righteousness.
Curtains of goat’s hair – SIN OFFERING Called “tent” | placed over fine linen curtain
Why have you obtained the inner layer of righteousness? Because Jesus is the sin offering for you.
Ram’s skin dyed red – SUBSTITUTION “a covering” | placed as third layer.
Jesus took your place for sin’s judgment. The price paid was His Own blood.
Outer covering of badger’s skin – PROTECTION Final covering | viewed to all the world that is outside
We are the righteousness of God in Christ, Who was made a sin offering for us that was paid by His blood. As a result, when the world pounds us with its weathering elements, it is God Who they try to penetrate, not us. And God is impermeable to (John Robert Lucas)
PROVERBS 22:20 Have not I written to thee excellent things in counsels and knowledge. (KJV)
Strong’s concordance defines this Hebrew word, “Excellent: a triple, a three-fold measure, as a musical instrument with three strings.”
God hides threes all over the Bible. Sometimes, when used, God is saying, “I am bearing witness to truth,” a truth such as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, or the Way, and the Truth, and the Life, or Prophet, Priest, and King. These threes are complete and perfect!
Sometimes God is showing threes to represent a three-fold progression of maturity, such as thirty-fold, sixty-fold, hundred-fold, or the tabernacle’s Outer Court, Holy Place, and Holy of Holies, or the Feast of Unleavened Bread (Passover), Feast of Weeks (Pentecost), and Feast of Ingathering (Tabernacles).
When you see a “3” in the bible, take notice! Then, through God’s Spirit, answer does the 3 symbolize a testimony between the list of 3 items, or is the 3 (John Robert Lucas)
Why should all Christians study the Tabernacle in the Wilderness? I think that a fitting scripture for this answer is Proverbs 25:2 It is the glory of God to conceal a matter, But the glory of kings is to search out a matter. NASU. As we study not only the Tabernacle, but also the Temple of Solomon, the Feasts of Israel, and God’s detailed plan from Genesis to Revelation, we quickly find out that God grants wisdom and knowledge to those who seek Him.
Seeking Him takes great effort, and rarely are His truths set out in front of you in entirety, or in 100% accuracy. In contrast, God keeps many types, shadows, and symbols obscured, especially to the carnal and immature. What I find astounding is that God has sent many teachers that have unveiled a lot of these mysteries–mysteries that one can easily find in good Internet articles and books, (John Robert Lucas)
Ex 30:17-21 Brass or Brazen Laver
17 The Lord spoke to Moses, saying,
18 “You shall also make a laver of bronze, with its base of bronze, for washing; and you shall put it between the tent of meeting and the altar, and you shall put water in it.
19 “Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet from it;
20 when they enter the tent of meeting, they shall wash with water, so that they will not die; or when they approach the altar to minister, by offering up in smoke a fire sacrifice to the Lord.
21 “So they shall wash their hands and their feet, so that they will not die; and it shall be a perpetual statute for them, for Aaron and his descendants throughout their generations.”
Ceremonial Objects: The Brazen Laver Stretched Canvas Poster Print, 18×24
(John Robert Lucas)
Ex 37:25-29 Altar of Incense
25 Then he made the altar of incense of acacia wood: a cubit long and a cubit wide, square, and two cubits high; its horns were of one piece with it.
26 He overlaid it with pure gold, its top and its sides all around, and its horns; and he made a gold molding for it all around.
27 He made two golden rings for it under its molding, on its two sides — on opposite sides — as holders for poles with which to carry it.
28 He made the poles of acacia wood and overlaid them with gold.
29 And he made the holy anointing oil and the pure, fragrant incense of spices, the work of a perfumer.
(John Robert Lucas)
27 “And you shall make the altar of acacia wood, five cubits long and five cubits wide; the altar shall be square, and its height shall be three cubits.
2 “You shall make its horns on its four corners; its horns shall be of one piece with it, and you shall overlay it with bronze.
3 “You shall make its pails for removing its ashes, and its shovels and its basins and its forks and its firepans; you shall make all its utensils of bronze.
4 “You shall make for it a grating of network of bronze, and on the net you shall make four bronze rings at its four corners.
5 “You shall put it beneath, under the ledge of the altar, so that the net will reach halfway up the altar.
6 “You shall make poles for the altar, poles of acacia wood, and overlay them with bronze.
7 “Its (John Robert Lucas)
Ex 25:31-40 31 “Then you shall make a lampstand of pure gold. The lampstand and its base and its shaft are to be made of hammered work; its cups, its bulbs and its flowers shall be of one piece with it.
32 “Six branches shall go out from its sides; three branches of the lampstand from its one side and three branches of the lampstand from its other side.
33 “Three cups shall be shaped like almond blossoms in the one branch, a bulb and a flower, and three cups shaped like almond blossoms in the other branch, a bulb and a flower — so for six branches going out from the lampstand;
34 and in the lampstand four cups shaped like almond blossoms, its bulbs and its flowers.
35 “A bulb shall be under the first pair of branches coming out of it, and a bulb under the second pair of branches coming out of it, (John Robert Lucas)
23 “You shall make a table of acacia wood, two cubits long and one cubit wide and one and a half cubits high.
24 “You shall overlay it with pure gold and make a gold border around it.
25 “You shall make for it a rim of a handbreadth around it; and you shall make a gold border for the rim around it.
26 “You shall make four gold rings for it and put rings on the four corners which are on its four feet.
27 “The rings shall be close to the rim as holders for the poles to carry the table.
28 “You shall make the poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold, so that with them the table may be carried.
29 “You shall make its dishes and its pans and its jars and its bowls with which to pour drink offerings; you shall make them (John Robert Lucas)
10 “They shall construct an ark of acacia wood two and a half cubits long, and one and a half cubits wide, and one and a half cubits high.
11 “You shall overlay it with pure gold, inside and out you shall overlay it, and you shall make a gold molding around it.
12 “You shall cast four gold rings for it and fasten them on its four feet, and two rings shall be on one side of it and two rings on the other side of it.
13 “You shall make poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold.
14 “You shall put the poles into the rings on the sides of the ark, to carry the ark with them.
15 “The poles shall remain in the rings of the ark; they shall not be removed from it.
16 “You shall put into the ark the testimony which I (John Robert Lucas)
Ex 27:9-19 “You shall make the court of the tabernacle. On the south side there shall be hangings for the court of fine twisted linen one hundred cubits long for one side;
10 and its pillars shall be twenty, with their twenty sockets of bronze; the hooks of the pillars and their bands shall be of silver.
11 “Likewise for the north side in length there shall be hangings one hundred cubits long, and its twenty pillars with their twenty sockets of bronze; the hooks of the pillars and their bands shall be of silver.
12 “For the width of the court on the west side shall be hangings of fifty cubits with their ten pillars and their ten sockets.
13 “The width of the court on the east side shall be fifty cubits.
14 “The hangings for the one side of the gate shall be fifteen cubits with their three pillars and their three (John Robert Lucas)